Classroom Computers Policy Policy Classroom computers will be integrated into the learning environment and used as one of many options to support children’s learning. Guidelines 1. Teachers have a plan to introduce children to the computer. Use of the computer is individualized for each child and documented on the Curriculum Plan. 2. Teachers promote equitable access to the computer for all children and their families. 3. Children with special needs have increased access to the computer when it embeds their goals and is helpful. 4. Software used on classroom computers will: 1. Eliminate representation of stereotyping. 2. Eliminate exposure to violence. 3. Promote problem solving. 4. Encourage independence and self-help. 5. Allow child to control the path and pace. 6. Provide exploration of a variety of concepts on several levels of ability. 7. Give children quick feedback. 8. Appeal to child's multi-sensory learning style. 9. Be fun and enjoyable. 10. Promote creativity and imagination. 11. Ensure that all children can experience success and feel empowered. Arranging the Computer Area in Classroom 1. Place computer against a wall near an outlet with cords taped or banded securely to floor, table legs, etc., out of traffic areas to avoid accidents. 2. Place computer away from direct sunlight and other elements that can cause extremes in temperatures. 3. Store software disks in disk envelopes and closeable containers away from any kind of magnetic fields (fans, motors, the monitor) and away from direct sunlight. 4. Place computer equipment in such a way to allow free air circulation around and into the vents on computer case. 5. Place computer on table that is low enough for children to sit comfortably. Adjust height of monitor to eye level of children. Consider adjustments for children with special needs. Consult EC CARES Consultants or Program Consultant when needed to make accommodations for special needs or acquisition of adaptive equipment. 6. Have a system in place to keep track of what goals are being targeted in the computer center and individualize desktops for children when it is clear what level they should be working on. 7. Set up a place close to the computer to enable children to monitor whose turn it is and who will be next. 8. Display children's computer work in an area close to the computer center. Objectives for Children in Computer Center Social - Emotional Development 1. Work cooperatively with others (working in pairs at computer) 2. Take responsibility for one's own work (by directing flow of a program creating a document, printing, etc.) 3. Develop problem-solving skills and perseverance. Cognition Development 1. Identify and sort objects by various attributes (color, shape, size, number) using programs developing classification skills. 2. Understand cause and effect (what happens when keys are pressed, using mouse, feedback from program). 3. Develop literacy skills: print awareness and concepts, early writing, alphabet knowledge. 4. Develop numeracy: numbers and operations, geometry and special sense, patterns. 5. Develop scientific skills, scientific knowledge. 6. Develop small muscle skills (using mouse, using keyboard). 7. Refine eye and hand coordination (using mouse) 8. Improve visual skills (tracking movement on screen) Using Volunteers 1. Train volunteers on starting/shutting down computer and problem solving with equipment. 2. Describe for children what you see them doing. 3. Ask open-ended questions focused on what they are doing. This policy complies with Head Start Performance Standard 45 CFR Section 1304.20(f) (1), 1304.21(a) (1) (i), 1304.2 (a) (1) (iv), 1304.21 (a)(3)(i)(b), 1304.21 (a)(4)(i), 1304.21 (a)(5)(ii)